Artificial Intelligence and Its Usage Areas


 Artificial intelligence, which has a great impact in the global world as 'Artificial Intelligence', is a technology that makes it possible to learn computer applications in an experienced way through iterative processing and algorithmic training. Artificial intelligence stands out by imitating human intelligence. Artificial intelligence systems, which become much smarter during successful data processing processes, provide the opportunity to test solutions with each interaction and develop expertise in the relevant task. Thanks to artificial intelligence and its areas of use, computers are allowed to think "like humans" and very good performances are achieved.

What are the Components of Artificial Intelligence?
There is no doubt that the components of artificial intelligence have a great impact on the current state of artificial intelligence. In order to understand artificial intelligence comprehensively and go deeper into artificial intelligence, it is necessary to have knowledge about the components of artificial intelligence. The basic components of artificial intelligence that bring technology closer to reality are listed as follows;

1. Machine Learning: Machine learning, one of the applications of artificial intelligence, enables computers to learn directly from experiences and gain the ability to improve, without being programmed. Machine learning, which has algorithms such as pattern identification, predictive ability, and data analysis, is constantly improving. During the development process, new data sets are learned. Examples of machine learning applications frequently occur in daily life. One of these is the spam filtering algorithm in e-mail applications.

2. Deep Learning: Deep learning, a subset of machine learning, enables machines to learn by processing data. At this point, deep learning using artificial neural networks has a very important place in helping machines solve complex problems.

3. Artificial Neural Networks: Artificial neural networks, which are among the subjects of artificial intelligence, are designed to analyze the information in the human brain and simulate the shape of the human brain. Artificial neural networks, which are considered the basis of artificial intelligence technology, enable artificial intelligence to have self-learning ability.

4. Natural Language Processing: Natural language processing, also defined as NLP, provides machines with the ability to understand and produce, while also allowing them to read human language. Mostly used by voice assistants, NLP transforms unstructured language data into a form that machines can understand. It uses smart algorithms while performing this process.

5. Computer Vision: Computer vision, a field of computer science, aims to copy the human vision system. The basis of this purpose is to enable machines to understand video and image content.

Types of Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence and education become more comprehensive with types of artificial intelligence. Types of artificial intelligence are classified into three different categories based on the ability of artificial intelligence to imitate human intelligence. Types of artificial intelligence are grouped as follows;

1. Narrow Artificial Intelligence: The most basic and limited type of artificial intelligence, narrow artificial intelligence is very good at performing exactly the tasks for which it has been programmed. Examples of narrow types of AI include Google Assistant, Siri, and Alexa. Self-driving cars and Amazon product recommendations are also known to be powered by narrow AI. Narrow artificial intelligence that is quite good at performing monotonous tasks; It performs operations such as object detection, face recognition and speech recognition. It identifies correlations and patterns in data in real time while functioning under various limitations and constraints. It is the only type of artificial intelligence available in the world.

2. Artificial General Intelligence: Artificial general intelligence, which is among the C++ artificial intelligence types, is powerful and deep. Artificial general intelligence, which has the ability to do everything a human can do, is not bound by any set of restrictions and has no limitations. Artificial general intelligence, which can learn, develop and perform many different tasks, attracts attention with its multifunctional abilities. It has all the cognitive abilities that humans have and also recognizes emotions and thought processes.

3. Artificial Super Intelligence: Artificial super intelligence, a hypothetical artificial intelligence, is briefly defined as ASI. With artificial superintelligence, machines surpass human intelligence and cognitive abilities. If artificial superintelligence is unlocked, machines will have the ability to predict and think in ways that humans cannot understand.

What are the advantages of artificial intelligence?
Artificial intelligence and its applications bring many different advantages. These advantages enable the reshaping of the human world and technology. The advantages provided by artificial intelligence can be summarized as follows:

● Automation: Automation, one of the most important advantages brought by artificial intelligence technology; consumer products, transportation, communications and services

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